Emergency care for life-threatening conditions is free of charge in Bulgaria. All hospitals are obliged to treat every patient regardless of insurance status, nationality or ability to pay. Please be aware that there is a strict definition of life-threatening condition, hence not all conditions you might think qualify as life-threatening are such by the legal definition. The treatment is free of charge until the patient is stabilised which means that once transferred from the Emergency Ward to a particular Ward, expenses are chargeable.
All EU citizens can use the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) which entitles them to receive free of charge medical treatment on a temporary stay abroad that becomes necessary and can’t wait until they return home. This includes the post Emergency Ward care in the life-threatening cases. If they cannot present this card, they still will receive treatment; but they may have to pay for their treatment at discharge and will be able to seek reimbursement at a later date if they have a valid card. All other citizens shall pay the price for the non-life threatening medical assistance at discharge.